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Sunday, 30 May 2010

H.M.N.Z.S. TUI


(Photo courtesy of RNZN Museum)
Ship No 316
Third of the three ship order for the New Zealand Navy to be completed in the yard.

This class was based on the design of an experimental Royal Navy minesweeping trawler were the first new ships to enter service with the Royal New Zealand Navy, their principal peace time function was training, and in wartime, minesweeping and escort duties. After working up in Northern England she went to New Zealand In December 1942, the four ships of the 25th Minesweeping Flotilla, comprising the three 'Bird class' corvettes HMNZS Kiwi, Tui, and Moa, with HMNZS Matai as senior ship, had deployed to the Solomons.
Ship details:

Type: Bird Class Trawlers

Pennant No.: T234/P33

Launched : 26/08/1941

Commissioned: 26/11/1941

Displacement (full load): 937 tonnes

Dimensions: 51.2m length, 48m height, 9.1m beam, 4.7m draught

Engines: 1-shaft reciprocating engine, oil fired, max speed 13 knots

Armament: 1 x 102mm [4”] gun

Minesweeping equipment

ASDIC [anti-submarine equipment]

1 x twin Hotchkiss light MG mounting

1 x 20mm gun (from 1942), a further 2 x 20mm fitted unofficially in 1943

Complement: 33-35 officers and ratings


Hell or High Water: New Zealand Merchant Seafarers Remember the War Hell or High Water: New Zealand Merchant Seafarers Remember the War
Following the successful publication of the larger format Oral History Series, these titles are being re-released in trade at a lower price point, in order to meet the increasing interest in military history. During WW2 thousands of New Zealanders served in New Zealand, British and other Allied merchant marines. Many braved the deadly German U-Boat threat during the Battle of the Atlantic - the longest campaign of the war - and sailed in perilous convoys to Arctic Russia, Malta and other high risk routes. Others manned transport and hospital ships and took part in the Allied landings in North Africa, Italy and Normandy, with 105 100 Kiwi merchant seafarers killed, 28 taken prisoner, five of whom died in Japanese captivity, but these figures are artificially low, with many others listed as general British losses. While these figures are small compared to other services, no other civilian group faced such constant risk and the vital contribution of this 'fourth' service has never received the recognition it deserves. The book includes firsthand accounts from men who survived air and submarine attacks, sometimes enduring days adrift in open lifeboats, a seaman awarded the George Cross during the 1942 pedestal convoy to relieve Malta and another who spent three years in Changi prison, amongst many other stirring and poignant accounts of life at war.



(Photo courtesy of RNZN Museum)

H.M.N.Z.S. TUI also hunted down a Japanese submarine and through her persistent and brave actions she eventually sank the submarine I-17 a sister vessel of I-1 which had been sunk by her sister ships Moa and Kiwi.


The Japanese submarine was more than twice the size of Moa, and there was only 6 survivors from the submarine all picked up by H.M.N.Z.S. Tui and returned to Noumea.



Battle Honours:
Atlantic 1942

Guadalcanal 1942-43
Ship’s Motto:
Tohea te Tohe (Be brave and be determined)
The ship’s motto was approved in February 1952 by the Naval Board.

Japanes Submarine of the Same Class as sunk by H.M.N.Z.S. TUI
 
 
Imperial Japanese Navy Submarines 1941-45 Imperial Japanese Navy Submarines 1941-45
The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II possessed the most technologically advanced and varied submarine fleet in the world. Ranging from the largest pre-nuclear submarines in the world to manned torpedoes, with the fastest combat vessels and midget submarines operating alongside craft capable of carrying floatplane bombers, the fleet should have been an awe-inspiring and highly effective force. Yet, despite playing a crucial scouting role and being equipped with the best torpedoes available, the Japanese submarine fleet was surprisingly ineffective. With unique color plates, Mark Stille highlights the technical details of this diverse fleet, including the design successes and operational errors as well as investigating the underlying causes behind the failures of one of the greatest naval forces in the Pacific.


 

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